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PHACE Syndrome is the uncommon association between large infantile hemangiomas, usually of the face, and birth defects of the brain, heart, eyes, skin and/or arteries. It is an acronym that stands for the medical names of the parts of the body it often impacts:
Posterior fossa abnormalities and other structural brain abnormalities
Hemangioma(s) that are typically large and located on the skin of the head and neck area.
Arterial anomalies of the head (brain) and neck. These can be arteries that are too narrow (stenotic) or dilated (aneurysmal) or the lack of normal blood vessels in the head and neck.
Cardiac defects, with the most common being coartation (narrowing) or the aorta or other aortic abnormalities.
Eye anomalies not caused by the growth of the hemangioma such as problems with the optic nerve
Sometimes an “S” is added to PHACE making the acronym PHACES; with the “S” standing for “Sternal defects” and/or “Supraumbilical raphe.”
For additional information, please visit PHACE Syndrome Community website: http://www.phacesyndromecommunity.org/